Egress Window Sizing?
October 16, 2019
One of the most common questions we get from clients, specifically clients with small children about egress windows – more precisely,
“Is there anything wrong with my window size?”
If you live in an older home, there’s a good chance that none of your windows meet today’s egress requirements.
Try this simple quiz below – which of these windows do you think meet today’s egress requirements?
A. Double hung window in New Jersey
B. Basement window in New Jersey
C. Awning window in New Jersey
D. Roof window in New Jersey
E. Casement window in New Jersey
To properly answer this question, you need more information that just a photo.
You would also need to know:
- how tall and wide the window opening is?
- how high the window is off the floor?
- and how close the window is to the exterior grade?
For proper egress, windows must open at least 24″ high, 20″ wide, and have a net openable area of 5.7 square feet.
That’s a large and wide open window!
This means that if a window only meets the minimum height and width requirements, the net openable area will only be 3.33 square feet (24×20 = 480. 480 / 144 = 3.33).
If a window opens 24″ high, it would need to be 34.2″ wide to meet the minimum opening requirement.
Besides the opening requirement, the window also needs to be within 44″ of the finished floor. Below is an excellent diagram that illustrates two different windows that both meet the minimum requirements.
So what about the quiz? The only window that met egress requirements was the last one, E. ‘A‘ had a net openable area less that 5.7 sf. ‘B‘ was too high above the floor, had less than 5.7 sf of net openable area, and was less than 24″ high. ‘C‘ was less than 5.7 sf. ‘D‘ was slightly more than 44″ above the floor.
Why do some people label only a basement room with a tiny window a ‘non-conforming’ bedroom, while often none of the windows in the home meet egress?
It’s because they don’t know better. Just for the record, there are several more requirements for a window to meet egress, and there are several ways for smaller windows to be ‘conforming’.. Also, today’s building code no longer uses the term ‘egress window’ – they’re more broadly categorized as mergency Escape and Rescue Openings. Have a specific window related question, just shoot us a quick message. We would be happy to help.
Buying A Townhouse? Inspect the Exterior Too
February 8, 2019
If you’re buying a townhouse, the common areas should also be inspected. Not just the inside of the home.
We always quote the same price to inspect a townhouse as a single family home, because we inspect townhouses the same way; the roof, siding, windows… everything on the outside.
Some people feel that these items don’t need to be looked at because they’re covered by the association, but these are well worth having inspected, regardless of whether they’re covered or not.
The most logical reason to have the common areas at a townhouse inspected is to so you know what you’re buying. Home buyers frequently assume that the common areas, such as the roof, don’t need inspection on a townhouse because it’s not their responsibility. What happens when the roof starts leaking and causes a big stain on your ceiling?
The association will likely be responsible for repairing or replacing the roof, but who takes care of the water damage in your unit? Even if you don’t end up spending a dime on the repairs, just the amount of time you could spend dealing with these types of repairs would make it well worth your while to have the common areas on a townhouse inspected.
Another great reason to have the common areas inspected is that the association may not be aware of problems, and may not have repairs in the budget. If an association is budgeting to replace the roofs 10 years from now, but there’s only two years left on the roofs, who pays for it? You the new owners, of course. This is what inspections are all about!
When one of our customers specifically doesn’t want the common areas inspected, we’ll skip them and typically charge less for the inspection, but we strongly advise against this. In the long run, this fee is a literally a drop in the bucket compared to the repair costs that just one failed component could cost.
Thank you to our home inspection clients in North Caldwell, NJ
January 17, 2019
Thank you to our clients for entrusting us to inspect their
new home in North Caldwell, NJ
Thank you to our home inspection clients in Butler, NJ
November 23, 2018
Thank you to our clients for entrusting us to inspect their Butler, NJ
Thank you to our home inspection clients in Carlstadt, NJ
November 16, 2018
Thank you to our clients for entrusting us to inspect their Carlstadt, NJ
two family home!
Thank you to our clients in Wyckoff, NJ
November 6, 2018
Thank you to our clients for entrusting us to inspect their Wyckoff, NJ
Thank you to our clients in West Orange, NJ
October 31, 2018
Thank you to our clients for entrusting us to inspect their West Orange, NJ
Home Inspections and Divorce
October 22, 2018
When divorce proceedings begin, one of the items on a seemingly endless to-do list is to determine how jointly-owned property will be divided. The largest single thing on that list is usually the home.
A divorce is never a pleasant experience. Egos and personalities all get bruised, assaulted, and every imaginable button gets pushed. What once was a safe place – one’s, can become a battlefield. What is needed is a third party assessment of the condition of the home so that all parties can make informed decisions as to the best way to move forward to a settlement.
Most people are familiar with home inspections as part of a real estate transaction. But people who have lived in their home for years could be unaware that there may be conditions in the home which need to be addressed. For example, if the roof is near the end of its life and will need replacing within a few years, this could substantially affect the financial settlement.
Why get a home inspection? While an appraisal will give you the dollar value of your home as it is today, a home inspector will provide a list of emerging costs, deferred maintenance that both has and will impact the value of the home, and provide what is essentially a guide that will serve as the basis for all future care and maintenance of the home.
A Home Inspector is Impartial
A home inspector has no interest in the house, or either party. Even if they are paid by one party or the other, they are there to provide information about the house, and its condition, so that informed decisions can be made. Facts don’t lie; a leak is a leak. A 20 year old furnace is a 20 year old furnace. Outlets that are wired wrong are a hazard, and missing insulation in the attic will cost the occupant money. A pre-divorce Home Inspection can find and identify the issues in a non-biased, educational manner.
Someday never comes
All of the temporary projects and repairs that were going to be properly fixed “someday” now need to be identified and addressed. Almost every house has things that were fixed, repaired, or just patched up so that the occupants could get on with their lives. Some of these issues are just cosmetic, other things are deferred maintenance, and others can be major safety hazards. Then there are the maintenance chores that one or the other in the household has previously dealt with; having a comprehensive list of items and procedures that need to be serviced and followed can help the remaining party be more prepared to keep the house in good shape.
Things like HVAC maintenance, shutoff valves, sump pumps, and the like are all addressed during the home inspection, and the inspection report becomes a valuable reference manual for keeping the home in good condition.
Witness for the House
Our job as home inspectors is to report on the condition of the house, its maintenance and repair needs, and nothing else. We don’t take sides; we’re not there to judge. We want to make this aspect of the divorce process less stressful for everyone.
We’re happy to answer your questions before, during, and after the inspection.
Arch Inspections has been serving Bergen, Morris, Passaic, Sussex and Union Counties in New Jersey since 2014. Arch Inspections has earned a consistent “5 star” rating from Google users.
Thank you to our clients in Cedar Grove, NJ
October 22, 2018
Thank you to our clients for entrusting us to inspect their Cedar Grove, NJ
Open the attic access panel?
October 12, 2018
One of the biggest sources of contention that we regularly deal with during inspections of newer houses is whether or not a sealed attic access panel should be ‘broken’ to access the attic; more specifically, whether or not I should be allowed to break the seal. If you’re not sure what we are talking about, here’s a photo of an attic access panel. To understand this issue, you need to understand why this panel is here and why it has been sealed.
First, the access panel is here because it is required by the New Jersey International Residential Building Code. The panel is here for me (or anyone else) to use to get into the attic to inspect it, or to do work. That’s it, plain and simple. The New Jersey International Residential Building Code, says
“…an attic access opening shall be provided to attic areas that exceed 30 square feet and have a vertical height of 30 inches or greater.”
This covers just about every attic space.
If it’s required, why is the panel sealed? In a new home, the panel only gets incidentally ‘sealed’. The panel does not get attached to anything; it just gets set down on the opening. When the ceiling finish is applied, which is often spray texture, the seam between the panel and the rest of the ceiling gets covered over. This is what people are referring to when they say the access has been ‘sealed.’ There is very rarely any caulking or adhesive keeping this panel in place.
The biggest sources of contention come from parties attending the inspection that are under the impression that attic spaces in new homes don’t need to be inspected. Well, by that logic, new homes wouldn’t need to be inspected at all. A large portion of the problems I find in new construction homes occur in the attic.
Don’t listen to anyone that tells you new attics don’t need to be inspected, or that attic access panels shouldn’t be opened. They’re not looking out for your best interest, or they’ve been misinformed.
The bottom line is that attic access panels are there for the attic to be accessed, and this is something that should be done at every home inspection. If there is any concern over air leaking into the attic, this can be addressed with about ten cents worth of caulk.